Biochemistry means the chemical processes in living organisms. But this department also examines the substances in all living organisms and the functions of these substances within their bodies. The most important reflection of this branch of science is the biochemistry laboratories in hospitals. In these laboratories, samples taken from people are examined and different tests are carried out. Thanks to the results obtained here, both the diagnosis is made, and the course of treatment is planned. Therefore, biochemistry laboratories at hospitals have vital importance for patients.
Each substance in the human body has a different function. Fulfilling these functions is very important for human health. However, depending on the diseases experienced, the level of some of the substances mentioned here changes and thus the balance loss occurs. Through the tests performed in the biochemistry laboratory, substances with changing values are detected in a short time. Thus, an important finding is obtained regarding the relevant disease and thus the necessary treatment is established here.
What are Biochemistry Laboratory Tests?
Biochemistry is the discipline covering all substances in the human body. Therefore, the tests performed in the biochemistry laboratory are related to all of these substances. There are more than 120 of these substances. The time it takes for test results to appear varies depending on the test performed. Some tests result in a few minutes, while others require a longer time.
Although it is very difficult to count biochemistry tests individually, it is possible to classify these tests. Biochemistry tests are classified as hormone tests, metabolism tests, RIA tests, complete blood count, and urinalysis. All these tests investigate different substances in the body. In tests, more than one substance is investigated at the same time.
While evaluating the test results here, the ranges determined by the World Health Organization are used. As a result of these evaluations, if the monitored substance is not in the normal range according to the result from the biochemistry laboratory, the diagnosis can be made based on this result. However, if the values are in the normal range, different tests may be considered.
The devices in the biochemistry laboratory of our hospital are state-of-the-art products. Therefore, the data obtained are extremely reliable. In addition, thanks to these devices, test results are obtained in a very short time. This means that patients are treated quickly.
How Are Biochemistry Tests Performed?
It was mentioned above that biochemistry concerns all substances in the body. This reveals that biochemistry tests will actually be performed by using all body fluids. However, biochemistry laboratories at hospitals usually examine blood and urine samples and monitor the substances therein.
These tests are extremely simple to perform, blood or urine samples are taken from the patient and samples are sent to the relevant device. The devices in the biochemistry laboratory analyze the relevant substances in detail. At this stage, internal and external quality control procedures are performed. Thus, the reliability of the obtained results is increased.
In some tests, it is not very important whether the patients are hungry or full, while in some tests, patients must be hungry in order to obtain a healthy result. Patients are informed about these conditions by their physicians.
Besides, the tubes in the hospital are not chosen randomly, but in accordance with the test to be performed. There are different gels inside the tubes, and they allow blood or urine to be separated into their substances quickly. Thus, when blood or urine is taken, the analysis process automatically starts.
The healthcare personnel in our hospital are highly experienced in this field and ensure that the analyzes of the substances are carried out accurately and quickly in the biochemistry laboratory. This is important for the diagnosis and treatment process.
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