Microbiology is a discipline that investigates small living organisms that cannot be seen with the naked eye but through a microscope. It examines the characteristics of these living organisms and their relationship with other living bodies. These include viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. The environment in which these creatures live increase the infection risk. When it enters the human body, it causes diseases defined as infectious diseases. There might be thousands of species of these tiny organisms. In the microbiology laboratory of our hospital, these organisms are examined, and the leading diseases are determined.
Microbiology is divided into sub-disciplines within itself. These can be listed in detail as follows. Bacteriology is one of these disciplines, in which antibiotic susceptibility is determined by examining and identifying the bacteria infecting humans. Bacteria that cause typhoid fever, cholera, and throat infections is within the examination area of this department. Virology is the department where viruses that cause disease in humans such as HPV virus are examined, and diagnostic test is performed. Mycology is another sub-discipline in which the susceptibility of fungicides is tested by obtaining and examining the fungus, which is one of the invisible creatures. Parasitology is the branch of microbiology in which parasites and parasite eggs are investigated in feces, urine and different body fluids. Such examinations are carried out in the microbiology laboratory in our hospital, and the data obtained here is used in the diagnosis and treatment processes.
What is Performed in the Microbiology Laboratory?
In the microbiology laboratory, various tests are performed on microorganisms that cause diseases. Diagnostic tests of infectious diseases are performed with the samples of all kinds of body fluids such as urine, feces, tissue, blood and so on. Culture tests, bacterial identification tests and antibiotic susceptibility tests are the most common tests. Besides, other microbiology tests include fungicide susceptibility test, microscopic examinations, fecal parasite egg investigation, antibiotic resistance tests, antigen screening tests, antibody tests, stained preparation examinations and PCR test.
These tests are carried out in the laboratory of our hospital using the latest technological devices. Significant steps are taken in the treatment of infections with tests performed at international standards by microbiology laboratory specialists trained in the field. By the automation system, much further information is obtained about bacteria. At the same time, the information about the resistance mechanisms obtained by this method plays an important role in the treatment of diseases caused by multiple bacteria. Our hospital always prioritizes the health of the patients through the tools and its expert staff and uses all kinds of opportunities.
What to pay attention in the microbiology laboratory?
Single-celled, invisible microorganisms can survive on their own. Cells of higher organisms cannot live alone in nature, but microorganisms produce energy and multiply alone. They exist in the air, water, soil environments, plants, animals and human bodies. They easily move from one environment to another. This shows how important it is to pay attention to hygiene in microbiology laboratory studies. Many instruments are used for microbiology tests in our hospital. Some of these are disposable and some are tools that require reuse. It is among the indispensable rules of a hospital that both the environment and the tools are sterile.
Hygiene is very important in this department, just like in any other department, for the health of both the patients and employees Such instruments as aprons, gloves and shoe covers used during the studies are important in laboratory studies. Care is taken to ensure that all instruments and devices used in microbiology tests are sterile. After the microbiology tests are performed, such materials as slides, coverslips, patient samples, tube beakers and balloons are placed in special containers. The studies are carried out meticulously and the materials are re-sterilized for each research. Culture liquids are never poured into sinks, they are poured into disinfected containers. Thus, the spread of disease-causing microorganism is prevented by disinfecting the liquids where infectious diseases can be found.
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